Phonics - Read Write Inc
Read Write Inc
RWI is the method we use to teach synthetic phonics from Reception to Year 1. It includes 59 separate graphemes, with phonemes (one letter, one sound), digraphs (two letters, one sound) and trigraphs (three letters, one sound). All of these are available with their matching rhyme on the document below. It is amazing how quickly the children pick up on the lingo and start to use these sounds to construct words and break down sentences! Please see the vocabulary guide attached below for more information about this. The pronunciation of these sounds is critical; please watch the video below to ensure you are pronouncing them correctly if you wish to support learning at home. More helpful information can be found on the Oxford Owl website. Finally, phonics is the beginning of all children's handwriting and letter formation journey. We use cursive in our school, meaning that children use ready-to-start lines and flicks to begin and end letters. To find out how to support this, follow the link below which will take you to videos for every letter and help them to perfect their handwriting!
While your child is learning synthetic phonics, they will also be coming home with short texts that match the colour banding they are learning in school in RWI. We recommend that your child reads them three times; once for decoding, once for fluency and once for comprehension. However, these should be supported with the shared reading and stories you do at home as well.
Any sort of practising you can do at home makes a huge difference to your child's success in their early reading and writing skills. The PowerPoints below can be used to practise the Set 1, Set 2 and Set 3 sounds; the latter are alternative spellings for the majority of Set 3 sounds, so please wait until after your child has studied Set 1 and 2 (typically by Easter in Reception) before showing them these. There is also a summary of the 59 sounds they learn attached with a guide to the rhymes to form each letter!
- Set 1 sounds.ppt
- Set 2 sounds.ppt
- Set 3 sounds.ppt
- RWI Phonics formation rhymes - Set 1, 2 and 3.pdf
In school, we separate the sounds into Simple Speed Sounds (Sets 1 and 2) and Complex Speed Sounds (Sets 3 and 3+). These are displayed on posters in the classrooms so that children can access and use these across their writing, particularly to consider different spelling patterns and alternative sounds as they move up to KS1. Both posters are attached below if you wish to have a copy at home.
Meet Fred the Frog...he only speaks in sounds, so he is a firm friend throughout your child's time learning their RWI Phonics! We're sure you'll hear all about him as they learn new sounds and concepts through RWI!
Your child may come home talking about green words and red words, but don't fear! These are the terms used in RWI to describe different types of words. Green words are those that are phonetically decodable, meaning they can be sounded out and blended because their sounds follow known patterns. Red words are those that are not phonetically decodable or have very rare sound patterns; you may know them as tricky words or common exception words, which are terms that can be used interchangeably with red words. The important difference is that red words cannot be sounded out, so they must be memorised and recognised on sight - please encourage your child not to try to break them up into their sounds if you practise them at home together!
If you are looking for a really good way to embed those alternative grapheme spellings in Set 2 and Set 3, here are some handy sheets that compare the two spellings of the phonemes!
- Alternatives - Ure.pdf
- Alternatives - Ire.pdf
- Alternatives - Ear.pdf
- Alternatives - Oo, U-e & Ew.pdf
- Alternatives - Ow, O-e & Oa.pdf
- Alternatives - Ay, Ai and A-e.pdf
- Alternatives - Ou & Ow.pdf
- Alternatives - Air & Are.pdf
- Alternatives - Or & Aw.pdf
- Alternatives - Oo & U-e.pdf
- Alternatives - Ow & O-e.pdf
- Alternatives - Igh & I-e.pdf
- Alternatives - Ay & A-e.pdf
- Alternatives - Ee & Ea.pdf